Few firearms manufacturers offer a line of rifles as diverse as Springfield Armory's. From carbines to camouflage rifles to wooden-stocked rifles, Springfield Armory has a wide array of models to fit the needs of practically every shooter. And every model shares one common trait: Springfield Armory's commitment to quality.
Perhaps the best-known Springfield Armory product is the M1A rifle. Patterned after the US military's renowned M14, the Springfield Armory M1A is one of the most sought-after military style rifles for match competition. Because Springfield Armory listens to its customers, the M1A is now available in a wide variety of synthetic and wooden-stocked versions.
Click on the links below to view photos and information on the various Springfield Armory models. To find a Springfield Armory dealer near you from Gunshopfinder.com's database of subscribing gun shops, select a state and then click "Submit."
Springfield Armory Scout and Standard Rifles:
Springfield Armory M1A Bush Rifle--discontinued
Springfield Armory Loaded M1A Rifles:
Springfield Armory National Match M1A Rifles:
Springfield Armory Super Match M1A Rifles:
Springfield Armory M21 and M25 Rifles:
Springfield Armory M1 Garand Rifles:
Springfield Armory M1 Garand Rifle No longer produced
Springfield Armory M6 Scout Rifles and Carbines:
Springfield Armory M6 Scout Rifle, parkerized No longer produced
Springfield Armory M6 Scout Rifle, stainless No longer produced
Springfield Armory M6 16" Scout Carbine No longer produced
Springfield Armory M6 10" Scout Pistol No longer produced
Springfield Armory SOCOM Rifles:
Springfield's M1A is offered in a number of variations, from the basic GI style rifle to the Super Match. Each is meant for a specific purpose, and for a specific budget.
The most immediately noticeable difference between the models is the stocks. The National Match has a heavy walnut stock that's a deep reddish-brown color. The weight of the stock makes it more appropriate for match shooting than for carrying in the field.
The camouflage synthetic stock is light weight but sturdy, lending itself to carry in the woods and field. The black synthetic stock is strong and light weight as well and, like the camouflage stock, is less expensive than the wood-stocked models
The walnut stock found on the standard M1A models is as close as you can get to a real M14. It makes the rifle weigh almost a pound less than the national match stock, but still helps deliver outstanding performance.
The first time you pick up an M1A, you'll be struck by its weight. For those who are used to handling rifles with forged or stamped receivers, the M1A comes as almost a shock. It has a receiver that's investment cast steel. Tolerances between the receiver, bolt, activation rod, and other parts is tight, which is one reason for the M1A's superb accuracy. It's a rifle that will last for decades, and go tens of thousands of rounds without showing signs of wear.
Springfield Armory's M1A rifles come with a front post sight with "ears" to protect it, and a rear aperture sight. The rear sight is adjustable for windage and elevation via knobs on the left and right sides of the sight. The standard rear sight has one MOA ("Minute Of Angle") adjustments. The National Match rear sight has 1/2 MOA adjustments, and is built to tighter specifications for increased accuracy. The National Match rear sight also has a hood to protect the aperture and shield it from light reflections.
Springfield Armory makes a number of different barrels for the M1A. The National Match M1A uses an air-gauged 22" stainless steel or parkerized chrome moly steel barrel, giving the rifle a bit more accuracy than the standard model. For the Super Match M1A, Springfield doesn't use their own barrels, but instead uses custom Douglas stainless steel barrels.
The Loaded models use the standard carbon steel or stainless steel barrels, just like the Standard M1A models.
The National Match and Super Match rifles have the barrels glass-bedded in the receiver.
The Scout Squad M1A uses an 18" steel barrel with a muzzle stabilizer designed specifically for that rifle. The SOCOM rifles have 16" barrels, the shortest allowed by law without having to register for a short-barreled rifle.
Following World War II, the US military sought to replace the M1 Garand, which was the GI's main battle rifle, with a rifle that could do it all: have the accuracy of the M1 Garand, the lighter carry of the M1 carbine, and the rapid fire of the M3 (the "Grease Gun") and the BAR (Browning Automatic Rifle).
Springfield Armory began the design of such a rifle in the 1950's, starting with the .30-06 cartridge used in the M1 Garand, and modifying it to make it lighter, but still as powerful. The result was the 7.62 NATO cartridge.
The military tested many guns, and settled on Springfield Armory's new cartridge and rifle, designating the rifle as the M14.
The first rifles were delivered to troops in 1959. By the time the Army and Marine Corps had completed their orders, Springfield Armory wound up producing nearly 1.4 million M14's.
Vietnam was the test of the M14, and results were mixed. The 7.62 NATO round was very good for penetrating brush. The M14 also excelled at long-distance shots. In the humid jungle, though, the wood stock proved to be a liability, as swelling from moisture affected accuracy.
The plan to have a battle rifle that was also fully automatic proved to be less than desirable, as the relatively powerful 7.62 cartridge had far too much recoil to be controllable under full-auto fire. Most M14's were subsequently modified for semi-automatic use only. (The wood stocks from the converted rifles have a cutout in them for the selector lever, just below the receiver on the right side, but the lever was removed).
By the mid-1960's the M16 had been fully developed, and proved to be more suitable for jungle warfare. The M14 was no longer the standard issue rifle, and was "demoted" to the status of Limited Standard rifle.
The M14 continued to see use by troops stationed in Europe, and was still prized by many soldiers in Vietnam who didn't think the M16's 5.56 cartridge had enough "oomph".
The M14 was converted by the Army into the M21 sniper rifle, a role the rifle filled until 1988.
While the M16 and then the M4 rifles became the mainstay for US forces, the M14 continues to this day to be used not only for training, but also as sniper and "designated marksman rifles", and has been used in both Afghanistan and Iraq.
Despite its relatively short career as a standard issue rifle, the M14 has been the longest-serving rifle in the US infantry.
With the M14 orders completed, Springfield Armory of Massachussetts, which had produced firearms for the military for decades, closed in 1968. LH Manufacturing in Texas adopted the Springfield Armory name in 1974.
The commercial Springfield Armory company turned to making a civilian, semi-automatic-only version of the M14, naming it the M1A. The earliest models of the M1A used surplus GI parts until Springfield Armory began producing the rifle using parts that were made entirely in house. You'll sometimes encounter the early models at gun shows, identifiable by the selector lever cut-out in the stock.
The Springfield Armory M1A is nearly identical to the M14 that the company made for the military, with the lack of full-auto capability being the most significant difference.
Over forty years later, the M14/M1A is still one of the most sought-after military style rifles, and continues to be one of the most accurate military rifles ever produced.
Ballistics Table, M59 7.62 Ball Ammo
For M80 7.62 150 gr, M118 172 gr, and M852 168 gr Match ballistics tables, click here